Koran's Teachings on The Crucifixion of
Jesus in Contrast to the Bible and the Historical Record

Quran Reference that deny his crucifixion 

Biblical / Historical Evidence for the Crucifixion With Commentary

Surah Nisaa

156   And because of their (Jews) disbelief and uttering against Maryam (Mary) a grave false charge (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse);

157   And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah," - but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Iesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)

158   But Allah raised him (Iesa (Jesus)) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever AllPowerful, AllWise.

For if Jesus was not crucified as the scriptures foretold then the core of Christianity has been removed rendering it just another religion.

Within Christianity the crucifixion of Christ is a key doctrine and is strongly affirmed and consistently taught between both Old and New Testament.

Being evidenced by:

(1) through the animal sacrificial system in the Old Testament in which Christ fulfilled all of its symbolism.

(2) Christ's severe treatment and ultimate crucifixion was prophesied in the Old Testament in such passages as (Psalms 22:16; Isaiah 50:6; Isaiah 53:7; Isaiah 53:12; Isaiah 53:47; Zechariah 12:10, etc.).

New testament verses that talk about the crucifixion

Matthew 20:19; Matthew 27:22-44; Matthew 28:5 Mark 15:13-32; Mark 16:5-6 Luke 23:21-33; Luke 24:7-20 John 19:1-18; John 18:28-32; John 19:16-42; John 10:17-18; John 19:10-11 ; Acts 2:22-24; Acts 2:36; Acts 4:10 1 Corinthians 2:2; 2:8; 2 Corinthians 13:4; I Corinthians 15:1-4 Galatians 3:1; Revelation 11:8

Six different New Testament writers (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul) confirmed that Christ was crucified in fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies.

Some of the Epistles of Paul were in fact written by Paul in the middle of the first century A.D., less than 40 years after Jesus' death in approximately 33AD. In terms of ancient manuscript evidence, this is extraordinarily strong proof of the existence of a man named Jesus in Israel in the early first century A.D. The closer the evidence to the event the more reliable. The following is a list of N.T. books and the dates they where written.

Matthew: A.D. 60-65 Mark: A.D. 55-65
Luke: A.D. 60 John: A.D. 85-90
Acts: A.D. 63-70 Romans: A.D. 57
1 Corinthians: A.D. 55 2 Corinthians:
A.D. 55-57
Galatians: A.D. 49 Ephesians: A.D. 60
Philippians: A.D. 61 Colossians: A.D. 60
1Thessalonians:A.D. 51 2Thessalonians:
A.D. 51-52
1 Timothy: A.D. 64 2Timothy: A.D. 66/67
Titus: A.D. 64 Philemon: A.D. 60
Hebrews: A.D. 70
(prior to Jerusalem's destruction in A.D. 70)
James: A.D. 49 (prior to the Jerusalem council of A.D. 50)
1 Peter: A.D. 62-64 2 Peter: A.D. 67
1 John: A.D. 85-90 2 John: A.D. 90
3 John: A.D. 90 Jude: A.D. 65
Revelation: A.D. 95  

Jesus' Crucifixion was recorded by ancient Professional Historians:

Josephus - The Jewish non Christian historian in Antiquities 18: Chapter 3 Josephus mentions the crucifixion of Jesus in passing. (1*)

Julius Fricanus quotes the historian Thallus in a discussion of the darkness which followed the crucifixion of Christ (Extant Writings, 18). (2*)

The Babylonian Talmud (Sanhedrin 43a) confirms Jesus' crucifixion on the eve of Passover and the accusations against Christ of practicing sorcery and encouraging Jewish apostasy. (3*)

Lucian of Samosata (circa 120-after 180) ""The Christians, you know, worship a man to this day the distinguished personage who introduced their novel rites, and was crucified on that account. . . . You see, these misguided creatures start with the general conviction that they are immortal for all time, which explains the contempt of death and voluntary self-devotion which are so common among them; and then it was impressed on them by their original lawgiver that they are all brothers, from the moment that they are converted, and deny the gods of Greece, and worship the crucified sage, and live after his laws.

It is also to be noted that Lucian opposed Christianity, he acknowledges Jesus, that Jesus was crucified, that Christians worship him, and that this was done by faith.(4*)

Cornelius Tacitusin his Annals, xv. 44: Christus ... was executed at the hands of the procurator Pontious Pilate.[5]

It is interesting to note that the ancient historians where negative when speaking about Jesus but didn't deny his crucifixion.

Another point of note is that the Quran came along approximately 580 years after the fact denying the Biblical account and secular historical references of the crucifixion.

related article

THE BIBLE AND THE QUR'AN AN HISTORICAL COMPARISON

Muhammad and the Messiah: Comparing the Central Figures of Islam and Christianity

***Koran references taken from site http://quran.com 
(**)All Bible verses quotation are from the online bible "Net Bible:" Used under general premission
 (*) Information as found on Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry(CARM): Article "Non-biblical accounts of New Testament events and/or people;
http://www.carm.org/non-biblical-accounts-new-testament-events-andor-people

 (1) http://www.religiousstudies.uncc.edu/JDTABOR/cruc-josephus.html
 (2) Julius Africanus, Extant Writings, XVIII in the Ante Nicene Fathers,
http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0614.htm
(3) http://jewishchristianlit.com//Topics/JewishJesus/b_san43a.html
(4) Lucian, The Death of Peregrine, 1113, in The Works of Lucian of Samosata, transl. by H.W. Fowler and F.G. Fowler, 4 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1949), vol. 4, as cited in Habermas, Gary R.,The Historical Jesus: Ancient Evidence for the Life of Christ, (Joplin, MO: College Press Publishing Company) 1996.
[5]http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.02.0078:book=15:chapter=44&highlight=christus